Senators seek funding increase for NASA and NSF astrophysics programs

WASHINGTON – Five senators are asking the White House to add at least $300 million in the next budget proposal for NASA and the National Science Foundation (NSF) to support decadal astrophysical survey priorities.

The letter of December 21, released on January 5 by one of the signatories, Senator Ben Ray Luján (DN.M.), asked the directors of the Office of Management and Budget and the Office of Science and Technology Policy to include “specific, increased funding” for NASA and NSF astrophysics programs in the fiscal year 2024 budget request under development. The budget will be released in early February.

The senators requested at least $150 million in additional funding for NSF Astronomical Sciences to support design work for new observatories. They also requested $150 million for NASA Astrophysics to fund technology development for future space telescopes.

The additional funding, the senators said, is needed to implement the recommendations of the Astrophysics Ten-Year Survey, known as Astro2020, published in November 2021. That report recommended NASA pursue a technology maturation program for a series of flagship space telescope missions, starting with a large ultraviolet, visible and infrared telescope. It also supported NSF support for two large ground-based telescopes, the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) and the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT), along with the Next Generation Very Large Array (ngVLT) radio observatory.

The senators argued that the additional funding will help keep the United States the “global leader” in astronomy amid competition from other countries. “Astro2020 prioritizes investments to enable and realize major observatories, priorities that will maintain and strengthen our nation’s leadership over our adversaries and competitors in this important area of ​​science,” they wrote.

Together with Luján and signing the letter, Sens. Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.), Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii), Ben Cardin (D-Md.) and Martin Heinrich (DN.M.) Maryland hosts NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and the Space Telescope Science Institute, which would play key roles in future space telescope development. New Mexico is home to the Very Large Array and will host the core of the ngVLA. Hawaii’s Maunakea is the proposed home for TMT, although protests and legal disputes have stalled construction.

The fiscal year 2024 budget requests for NASA and NSF will be the first fully informed by Astro2020. When the final report was released in November 2021, work on the fiscal year 2023 budget proposals was already well under way for release in early 2022, with only limited opportunity to incorporate recommendations from the report. NASA, for example, called for ending funding for SOFIA’s airborne observatory in its fiscal year 2023 proposal, citing a recommendation to do so in Astro2020.

Both agencies are taking steps to implement the recommendations of Astro2020 within existing budgets and programs. At a Dec. 2 meeting of the Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics of the National Academies’ Space Studies Board, Mark Clampin, director of NASA’s astrophysics division, said the agency was developing a Great Observatories Technology and Maturation Program, or GOMAP, as recommended by Astro 2020.

“I’m taking a very deliberate, strategic approach to how we do this next big flagship mission,” said the large ultraviolet-visible-infrared telescope, which has the current working name of the Habitable Worlds Observatory. “We are currently working on a plan to implement GOMAP, the mission and technology maturation program, and also how to do this observatory.”

Clampin did not go into detail about either GOMAP or the Habitable Worlds Observatory at the meeting, beyond saying that the focus of the observatory “from day one” will be according to plan and its science goals. He said he would provide more details about those plans at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Seattle on August 8-12. January.

At the same committee meeting on Dec. 1, Debra Fischer, division director of astronomy at NSF, said her agency is still examining how to implement the Astro2020 recommendations, particularly for the large observatories it recommended. Because those discussions were ongoing at the time, she said she could not discuss details of those plans.

“Navigating these projects, because they are so expensive, feels to me like taking a very large ship and navigating it through a very narrow channel where we don’t really know if the water is deep enough,” she said. “For all of these projects, there are probably a hundred reasons why they could fail at some point. I’m going to make sure there’s nothing going on in the astronomy division that slows them down.”

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